Analysis of Health, Disability, Gender and Disaster Risk Reduction Policies in Nepal using a Human Rights-based Approach
Keywords:, Disability, Disaster, EquiFrame, Gender, Health, Human rights, Nepal, Policy Analysis
AbstractBackground: People with disabilities (PwDs) and women often face difficulties in accessing healthcare and life-saving procedures and are at greater risk of death, injury, and long-term negative impact on their health and well-being at the time of disaster. The public policies in low-resourced countries are rarely analyzed to understand whether those policies include adequately the issues of vulnerable populations to support them during disasters in line with human rights principles. Aim of the study: This study assessed the extent to which the issues of PwDs, women, and girls are incorporated in line with human rights principles in the key policies related to health, disability, gender, and disaster risk reduction in Nepal. Method: A content analysis of selected policies was carried out using EquiFrame, which analyses policies for the inclusion of vulnerable groups based on the Core Concepts of Human Rights. Fifteen policies were analyzed regarding the frequency and quality that included PwDs, women, and girls in the documents. Results: Nepal’s health policy (n=4) covered 52% of the Human Rights Core Concepts, while disability (n=3), gender (n=2), and DRR policy (n=6) covered 46%. The overall qualities of those policies were ranked significantly low, ranging in the quality index from 8 - 28. Conclusion: The policies inadequately incorporated human rights principles for the inclusion of disability and gender and ranked low in terms of quality to address their health needs and rights. To enhance social inclusion and promote equity in health, it is suggested that the human rights approach be followed as guided by the EquiFrame while developing policies.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2024 The Author(s)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License By-NC-ND 4.0 that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).