Disability Inclusive Education in Bangladesh


  • Majid Turmusani handicap-dev




disability inclusive education, public primary education, CRPD, SDGs.


Aim: This account is based on a strategic Design Note developed for the inclusion of Children with Disabilities (CwDs) into the public-school system under Primary Education Development Program (PEDP4) in Bangladesh. It aims at analyzing the right to inclusive education from the perspective of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), notably article 24 on inclusive education and Sustainable Development Goals (SDG4). Method: Extensive consultations were carried out within the course of developing the Design Note with stakeholders, notably civil society and organizations of persons with disabilities (DPOs). Results: In order to improve the capacity of the primary education system to identify, enroll, maintain and retain Learners with Disabilities (LwDs) throughout the primary cycle, a reform in the system is required starting by creating an enabling environment and focusing on overcoming attitudinal barriers in the local community and school authority; improving school infrastructure; strengthening inclusion practices, notably adapted pedagogy, as well as consolidating policy framework, coordination and governance in addition to empowering users and enhancing their voice. Conclusion and Implication: Such key actions can greatly enhance targeting, screening and reaching out for a full range of children with disabilities in schools as well as out of school and contribute to improving learning outcomes, fulfilling the right to education (art. 24 of CRPD) and achieving SDG4.

Author Biography

Majid Turmusani, handicap-dev

Dr. Turmusani specializes in disability inclusive development with a PhD in disability studies from Britain. He worked in a number of countries for large scale organizations such as the United Nations, the World Bank, INGOs, academia and government. As volunteer, he serves/ed on the Board of Director for a number of national disability organizations in Canada. He has taken active part in the negotiation process for the development of UN’s Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as well as in their implementation, monitoring and evaluation. Expertise includes: research and evaluation; design/management of international community-based rehabilitation, namely inclusive education; disability rights protection and legal reform. Country experience: Canada, UK, Kosovo, Afghanistan, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Rwanda, Togo, Guinea, Jordan, Yemen, Iraq/Kurdistan and Qatar. List of publications, voluntary and board experiences are available on LinkedIn: https://fr.linkedin.com/in/majid-turmusani-phd-34704430




How to Cite

Turmusani M. Disability Inclusive Education in Bangladesh. DCIDJ [Internet]. 2024 Jan. 29 [cited 2024 May 21];34(3):162-8. Available from: https://dcidj.uog.edu.et/index.php/up-j-dcbrid/article/view/481