Activity Limitations and Life Satisfaction: A Cross-sectional Study among Amputees in an Orthopaedic Rehabilitation Centre in Ghana

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20372/dcidj.696

Keywords:

Amputation, Amputees, activity limitation, Life Satisfaction, Ghana, Activities of daily living

Abstract

Aim

To examine the limitations encountered by amputees in the performance of Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLs) and its impact on their life satisfaction. Methods

A quantitative cross-sectional study was conducted among 200 amputees at the Nsawam Orthopaedic Training Centre (OTC). The Groningen Activity Restriction Scale (GARS) and the Life Satisfaction Questionnaire-11 (LISAT-11) were used to collect data from the respondents. All statistical analyses were made using IBM Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software 23.0 and summarized in tables. A multivariate analysis was used to establish the relationship between activity limitation and life satisfaction.

Results

The respondents experienced some limitations in executing ADLs and IADLS with an overall mean activity limitation score of (36.57±10.93). There was a moderate life satisfaction of respondents with a mean score of (3.86±1.15). A multivariate analysis revealed that, there was a strong negative statistically significant relationship between activity limitations and life satisfaction [ß =--0.13, p=0.000]

Conclusion and Implication

The government of Ghana through the Ministry of Health and its agencies who are involved in the management and rehabilitation of amputees must explore these limitations to inform decision making during the planning and preparation of rehabilitation programs, resource allocation, and policy formulation for amputees to improve their overall satisfaction and well-being.

Author Biographies

Peter Bredu-Darkwa, University of Bradford

Peter is a demonstrable and dynamic occupational therapy academic, researcher, ethically-sound practitioner, and a leader. Peter works as a lecturere at University of Bradford, Faculty of Health Studies, School of Allied Health Professions and Midwifery, Department of Occupational therapy. He has a Bachelor of science in Occupational therapy from University of Ghana (UG) and a Master of philosophy in Disability, Rehabilitation and Development from the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST).

Isaac Owusu, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi Ghana.

Senior Lecturer, Department of Health Promotion and Disability Studies. School of Public Health, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology,

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Published

2023-10-18

How to Cite

1.
Bredu-Darkwa P, Owusu I. Activity Limitations and Life Satisfaction: A Cross-sectional Study among Amputees in an Orthopaedic Rehabilitation Centre in Ghana. DCIDJ [Internet]. 2023 Oct. 18 [cited 2024 May 21];34(2):110-31. Available from: https://dcidj.uog.edu.et/index.php/up-j-dcbrid/article/view/696

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles