Activity Limitations and Life Satisfaction: A Cross-sectional Study among Amputees in an Orthopaedic Rehabilitation Centre in Ghana
Keywords:Amputation, Amputees, activity limitation, Life Satisfaction, Ghana, Activities of daily living
To examine the limitations encountered by amputees in the performance of Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLs) and its impact on their life satisfaction. Methods
A quantitative cross-sectional study was conducted among 200 amputees at the Nsawam Orthopaedic Training Centre (OTC). The Groningen Activity Restriction Scale (GARS) and the Life Satisfaction Questionnaire-11 (LISAT-11) were used to collect data from the respondents. All statistical analyses were made using IBM Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software 23.0 and summarized in tables. A multivariate analysis was used to establish the relationship between activity limitation and life satisfaction.
The respondents experienced some limitations in executing ADLs and IADLS with an overall mean activity limitation score of (36.57±10.93). There was a moderate life satisfaction of respondents with a mean score of (3.86±1.15). A multivariate analysis revealed that, there was a strong negative statistically significant relationship between activity limitations and life satisfaction [ß =--0.13, p=0.000]
Conclusion and Implication
The government of Ghana through the Ministry of Health and its agencies who are involved in the management and rehabilitation of amputees must explore these limitations to inform decision making during the planning and preparation of rehabilitation programs, resource allocation, and policy formulation for amputees to improve their overall satisfaction and well-being.
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