An inclusive education for students with visual impairments in Lao People's Democratic Republic: Qualitative study
Keywords:Inclusive education, perspectives, visual impairments, disability, Lao PDR.
AbstractAim: This study aims to explore teachers’, students’ and parents’ perspectives on practices used in inclusive education (IE) settings for students with visual impairments (SWVIs). The perspectives were then used to create a proposed suitable IE model for those students in the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR). Methods: Qualitative study was designed. Data were collected through focus groups, in-depth interviews, and non-participatory observations among 20 participants including teachers, parents and SWVIs. Results: The results showed that inclusive education has been prioritized, special schools or centers have been still needed but for teaching Braille and completing grades 1 and 2 before entering the neighboring inclusive primary schools. IE policy exists but guidelines for implementation are missing and coordination and cooperation among stakeholders’ is poor. Conclusion and implementation: The proposed IE model should be consisted of clear policy and implementation guidelines as well as cooperation and support among stakeholders.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 The Author(s)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License By-NC-ND 4.0 that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).