Fostering Social Communication for Children with Autism Through Augmented Reality Toy


  • Muhammad Haziq Lim Abdullah Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka
  • Boon Thao Tong Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka
  • Mohd Hafiz Zakaria Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka
  • Nor Farah Naquiah Mohamad Daud Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka



Augmented Reality, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Social Communication, AR Toys


Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder disease, which hinders communication and socialisation. This paper examines an augmented reality toy application, AR Toys supporting social communication of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. This paper reports on how the application was used in school classroom. AR Toys was evaluated 7 children in an Autism Centre in Melaka, Malaysia. This analysis focuses entirely on interactions between children and teachers at school. Three finding were revealed (1) AR Toys is able to motivate children with ASD on adaptive language; (2) AR Toys is able to model expressive language identify child’s emotion; (3) AR Toys is able to promote pretend play on learning emotion in classroom activities. This gives children with ASD more opportunities to communicate among peers and interact with teachers at schools.

Author Biography

Muhammad Haziq Lim Abdullah, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka

Muhammad Haziq Lim Abdullah is a senior lecturer and researcher under a subgroup of Specialists in Special Needs Awareness and Research (SPEAR), Human Centered Computing - Information System Lab (HCC-ISL), Centre of Advanced Computing, Fakulti Teknologi Maklumat dan Komunikasi, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka. His research interests are in the area of Human-Computer Interaction, Co-Design, Assistive Technology, Serious Games and Augmented Reality. Currently, Haziq is the Vice Chair of Kuala Lumpur ACM SIGCHI Chapter. He received his Bachelor Degree in Information Technology from Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) in 2003. He then pursued and completed his Masters in Multimedia from Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne Australia in 2006. He continued his PhD in Computer Science in the area of Interaction Design from Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane Australia and graduated in 2018. Besides his academic experience, he was involved in various projects in the area of assistive technology with the Dyslexia Association of Malaysia and The National Autism Society of Malaysia. He also exposed to industrial and government agencies such as Malaysian Digital Economy Corporation (MDEC), MyGameDev-Pemandu, Game Development Council of Malaysia (GDCoM), Bahagian K-Ekonomi, Jabatan Ketua Menteri Melaka, Politeknik METrO Kuala Lumpur and Kolej Kemahiran Tinggi MARA (KKTM)




How to Cite

Abdullah MHL, Tong BT, Zakaria MH, Mohamad Daud NFN. Fostering Social Communication for Children with Autism Through Augmented Reality Toy. DCIDJ [Internet]. 2023 Sep. 1 [cited 2024 Jun. 18];34(1):64-76. Available from:



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