Effect of Music Intervention on the Behaviour Disorders of Children with Intellectual Disability using Strategies from Applied Behaviour Analysis

Authors

  • Ritu Kalgotra Department of Education, University of Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir
  • Jaspal Singh Warwal Department of Education, Directorate of Distance Education, University of Jammu

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5463/dcid.v28i1.584

Keywords:

Applied Behaviour Analysis, Intellectual disability, Hyperactivity, Rebellious behaviours, Intervention

Abstract

Purpose: The effect of music intervention on mild and moderate Intellectually disabled children was studied in non-randomized pre-test post-test control group design at an Indian state (Jammu) J&K.

Method: The mild and moderate intellectual disabled children fulfilling inclusive and exclusive criteria were placed into control and experimental group. BASIC-MR part-B (pre-test) was administered on both the groups. Intervention in music activities using strategies from Applied Behaviour Analysis was introduced sequentially to the experimental group. Children in the control group were not involved in any additional activity. Both the groups were assessed after 6 months (post-test) to find out the effect of intervention.

Results: The mean difference between both the groups of mild and moderate intellectually disabled children was significant. In both mildly disabled children, F (1, 2) = 36.937, p = .026 and moderately disabled children F (1, 13) =71.686, p = .000, the effect of the music intervention was highly significant.

Conclusion: Music intervention program produced significant changes in the domains of violent and destructive behaviour and misbehaviours with others domains of children with mild intellectual disability. In children with moderate disability, music intervention produced significant changes in the domains of violent and destructive behaviour, misbehaviours with others, self-injurious behaviours, repetitive behaviours, hyperactivity, rebellious behaviours, and anti-social behaviours. Both mild and moderate intellectually disabled children didn’t show any significant change in temper tantrums, odd behaviours and fears domains of behaviour disorders.

Author Biographies

Ritu Kalgotra, Department of Education, University of Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir

Ritu Kalgotra completed her M.Ed degree from the University of Jammu, Jammu & Kashmir, India. She then joined School Education Department. Currently, she is pursuing her Ph.D from the University of Jammu on interventional studies of intellectually disabled children in the area social skills, motor skills, and behaviour disorders.

Jaspal Singh Warwal, Department of Education, Directorate of Distance Education, University of Jammu

Dr Jaspal Singh Warwal is Sr. Assistant Professor at University of Jammu. He has completed his Ph.D from Punjab University, Chandigarh. His area of research is teacher education and special education.

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Published

2017-05-23

How to Cite

1.
Kalgotra R, Warwal JS. Effect of Music Intervention on the Behaviour Disorders of Children with Intellectual Disability using Strategies from Applied Behaviour Analysis. DCIDJ [Internet]. 2017 May 23 [cited 2024 Jul. 16];28(1):161-77. Available from: https://dcidj.uog.edu.et/index.php/up-j-dcbrid/article/view/252

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles